Area : 587 040 km ²
Capital : Antananarivo
Official Language : Malagasy, French
Population : 21,281,800
Currency : Ariary (MGA)
Plan Policy : Republic, parliamentary democracy
Madagascar, often called the "island continent", the "Red Island" or the "eighth continent", is part of the African continent and the African Union. The country is home to nearly 12,000 species of plants, of which 70-80% are endemic - making the Malagasy flora one of the most diverse in the world.